08/02/2014 11:26 AST

The dollar edged lower in a quiet Asian session on Friday, as most investors looked ahead to the latest non-farm payrolls report for clues on the health of the U.S. labour market and the broader economy.

After the recent rout in emerging markets sparked large moves, a semblance of calm characterized Friday's trading before the next big test.

The payrolls data, which is due later Friday, is expected to show that employers added 185,000 jobs in January, according to the median estimate of 101 economists polled by Reuters.

"I think it's a big number. This will be large in confirming the weaker number trend, or the turn of the tide," said Bart Wakabayashi, head of forex at State Street Global Markets in Tokyo.

On the other hand, he said, the big picture is intact, in that no matter what the jobs reports shows, markets are pricing in the eventual end of the U.S. Federal Reserve's stimulus.

"I think in general, people are in agreement that it's not a tapering story as opposed to just a reevaluation of their positions," Wakabayashi said.

Concerns about the Fed's tapering and slowing growth in China were big drivers of the recent selloff in emerging markets.

The dollar inched down against a basket of currencies to 80.885, and shed about 0.1 percent against its Japanese counterpart to 102.03 yen.

Even if labour conditions improve, Boston Federal Reserve President Eric Rosengren said late Thursday that the central bank should be "quite patient" in removing stimulus because broader measures of the U.S. labour market remain weak.

Rosengren, considered a dovish Fed official, said the labour market conditions remain far from those which would warrant higher interest rates.

"Tapering is a foregone conclusion," Marvin Loh, a senior fixed-income market strategist at Bank of New York Mellon Global Markets, said at a seminar in Tokyo on Friday.

He expects the Fed will end its quantitative easing program by the third quarter of 2014. By then, he said, the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury will rise to around 3.25 percent, and could rose to 4 percent by the middle of 2015.

The number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell more than expected last week, data showed on Thursday, dropping by 20,000 new claims.

Other data released on Thursday showed U.S. exports weakening in December, which could drag on growth if that trend were sustained into the first quarter.

The euro was steady against the greenback after rallying to a one-week high of $1.3619 on Thursday, following European Central Bank President Mario Draghi's comment that the euro zone is not plagued by deflation.

The ECB left interest rates unchanged at its policy meeting on Thursday, opting to wait for more data before taking action.

Euro zone inflation eased to 0.7 percent last month and retail sales on Wednesday fell short of expectations, while recent upbeat business sentiment surveys add up to a mixed picture of economic conditions in the euro zone.

The euro was steady on the day at $1.3588, well off a more than two-month low of $1.3475 plumbed on Monday. It gave up about 0.1 percent against the yen to 138.64 yen, though it remained above a more than two-month low of 136.20 yen hit on Tuesday.

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Reuters

Ticker Price Volume
QNBK 123.30 103,897
SABIC 100.87 2,504,855
EEC 17.29 463,643
SIPCHEM 15.72 1,068,963
PETRORABIGH 13.85 2,037,712
RJHI 67.88 1,417,807
BURUJ 34.50 110,831
US Dollar 1.00
Saudi Riyal 3.75
Derham Emirati 3.67
Qatari Riyal 3.75
Kuwaiti Dinar 0.30
Bahraini Dinar 0.38
Omani Riyal 0.39
Euro 0.84
British Pound 0.76
Japanese Yen 109.79
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