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Under the patronage of HE Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa al-Thani, the Prime Minister and Minister of Interior of the State of Qatar, the National Committee for organising the Qatar-UK Business and Investment Forum is organising the Forum’s 8th Edition, the “Qatar-UK Business and Investment Forum”, this month in the United Kingdom.
In this regard, let me review the key bilateral relationships between Qatar and the UK. The UK is Qatar’s strategic partner. The UK economy grew by 1.8% in 2016 and is expected to grow by 1.5% in 2017. In March 2017, the Bank of England has held interest rates at their record low amid signs of an internal split emerging about how to tackle rising inflation.
Inflation has been rising in recent months, hitting its highest level in more than two years in January at 1.8% on the back of higher oil prices and as the pound’s weakness since the Brexit vote has raised the cost of imports to the UK.
The Qatar economy is expected to grow by 3.4% this year and the fiscal account as a percentage is expected to be 7% this year. The Qatar Central Bank (QCB) raised its overnight lending rate by 25 basis points to 5%, clearly tracking the US Federal Reserve, which last Wednesday tightened policy by a similar margin.
The QCB also announced an increase in its overnight deposit rate by 25 basis points to 1.25%. However, the QCB reduced the banks’ required reserve ratio — the amount of money they must hold back from lending as reserves — from 4.75% to 4.5%, with effect from April 1. The bilateral relations between both the countries is spread across in trade, investment and banking.
The UK’s total exports to Qatar amounted to £2.6bn in 2015, representing an increase of 16% from 2014, while Qatar’s exports to the United Kingdom have doubled to reach £2.7bn during the same year.
The UK exports a wide range of products to Qatar including: power generating machinery and equipment, general industrial machinery, road vehicles, general transport equipment, chemicals, luxury goods and scientific equipment. The UK export of services includes: professional services, consultancy, banking, insurance and financial services.
Britain is the fourth largest exporter to Qatar. In early 2014, the UK introduced a scheme, allowing passport holders from Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to travel to the UK for a visit of up to 6 months by completing an online form at least 48 hours before departure. On trade and investment, the UK is the most open trading nation in the world with the support of major investments made by Qatar.
Qatar has a large portfolio of investments in the UK, covering a wide range of investments such as the Shard skyscraper, the Olympic Village, the Shell Centre, the US Embassy in Grosvenor Square, shareholdings in Barclays, Sainsbury’s and BAA, as well as ownership of the Harrods departmental store.
It has also bought London’s Canary Wharf in 2015, expanding Qatar’s collection of London properties that includes stakes in London’s Savoy Hotel and the HSBC tower. Qatar Investment Authority (QIA) is the largest shareholder in J Sainsbury. In 2012, the country’s sovereign fund bought a 20% stake in London Heathrow airport and Qatar Airways raised its stake in British Airways owner IAG to 20% in 2016.
The UK has built significant relations with Qatar in the hydrocarbon sector. Shell is the largest foreign investor in Qatar. The $18.5bn Pearl GTL, world’s largest gas-to-liquids plant in Ras Laffan, Qatar, is based on a proprietary Shell GTL technology.
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